Taking into account the newest domestic and foreign research authors in the article analyzed the main issues of the history of the formation, development and evolution of architectonics global and national financial science. The authors investigated the defining characteristics and features of concepts in finance leading representatives of the economic and financial thought at every stage of scientific development. Based on the analysis the authors found classification and scientific limited of dominating now in the field of finance division of their development into two stages - classical and neoclassical financial theory. It is proved that according to such division opening the possibility of unilateral concentration of scientific efforts on developing the financial concepts of the neoclassical mainstream and their application as the theoretical basis of financial policy. The authors defined and justified the criteria of a new periodization of formation, development, evolution financial thought, according to which distinguish the five stages of its historical development. The first two of them it is the initial, chronologically Longest cover pre-scientific development of financial thought during the existence of ancient states to the first half of the XVIII century, and the next three - embracing ongoing development of financial science of the second half of the XVIII century to the present. In basis proposed by the authors of a new periodization assigned: general criteria (degree of state development, trade and monetary and financial relations, etc.) and special criteria (distinction the concepts of «financial thought», «financial concept», «financial analysis»; theoretical concepts of classical periods and classical situations by YA Schumpeter, scientific revolutions and scientific paradigms by Kuhn, competing research programs by I. Lakatos; changes in understanding key categories ( «financial system», «tax system» and others.). The authors revealed that the development of these stages was accompanied by a certain ratio between the directions of economic and financial sciences, accumulation paradigmatic basis for carrying out scientific research and development of practical recommendations consistent changes scientific paradigms (scientific and research programs), their competitive struggle and «synteznymy» tendencies. The defining characteristics and features of concepts in finance leading representatives of the economic and financial thought at every stage of scientific development was explored in the article. The influence of the specific economic development of country on formation of scientific views representatives of the national scientific school of finance was shown. General and particular information architectonics financial science was allocated.
Keywords: financial thought, financial science, school of financial thoughts, financial concept, financial theory, financial analysis, scientific directions, doctrine of finance, paradigmatic changes, paradigm changes, universal (general) and national (specific) pa
Dr in Economy,
Dr in Economy, professor